*Slodky or Slodki, Marcel Naissance - mort : 1892-1943 Nationalité : Polish
Slodky studied painting in Munich after leaving Lodz at 18 and stayed for a while in Italy. He settled in Paris in 1913, but went to Switzerland at the start of the First World War. He then joined the “Dada” movement of Tristan Tzara and worked as a theatre decorator in Berlin during four years after 1919. Back in the French capital in 1923, Slodky exhibited his works many times there as well as in London, Warsaw and Switzerland. During the Second World War, Slodky sought refuge in a village near Brive-la-Gaillarde and then in the Alpine town of Chambery, which was under Italian occupation. When the Germans invested the area he lived for a while like a fugitive in the mountains and then tried to hide in the town of Bourg-Saint-Maurice but the Gestapo, tipped off by an informer, arrested Slodky and his wife Macha on December 14th 1943. Both died in the Nazi extermination camp of Auschwitz.
*Slodky or Slodki, Marcel Naissance - mort : 1892-1943 Nationalité : Polish
Slodky studied painting in Munich after leaving Lodz at 18 and stayed for a while in Italy. He settled in Paris in 1913, but decided to go to Switzerland at the start of the First World War. He then joined the “Dada” movement headed by Tristan Tzara and worked as a theatre decorator in Berlin during four years after 1919. Back in the French capital in 1923, Slodky exhibited his works many times there and in London, Warsaw and Switzerland. During the Second World War, he sought refuge in a village near Brive-la-Gaillarde and then in the Alpine town of Chambery, which was under Italian occupation. When the Germans invested the area, Slodky lived for a while like a fugitive in the mountains and then tried to hide in the town of Bourg-Saint-Maurice but the Gestapo, tipped off by an informer, arrested Slodky and his wife Macha on December 14th 1943. Both died in the Nazi extermination camp of Auschwitz.
*Soldiner, Antoni Naissance - mort : 1882-1942 Nationalité : Polish
Painter. Soldiner disappeared during the Second World War.
*Soutine, Chaim Naissance - mort : 1894-1944 Nationalité : Lithuanian
Soutine was the 10th child of a Jewish family living in a Lithuanian ghetto. Brought up in the strict observance of the orthodox religion, Soutine somewhat rebelled against his father, a rigorous man who was working as a tailor, when he ambitioned to have a pencil in order to produce drawings. At 13, he notably painted secretly the portrait of a rabbi whose son went on to beat him up for such sacrilege and faced the ire of other people who did not appreciate his caricatures. Soutine however, managed to study drawing in Minsk and to attend at 14 the Academy of Fine Arts in Wilno before settling in 1913 in Paris, where he was admitted at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and worked under Fernand Cormon. Living in one of the famous studios of la Ruche near Montparnasse, he then befriended Chagall, Lipchitz and Modigliani and after a short trial period he came to find his own style mixing his Jewish feelings with the teachings of Fauvism and Cubism. In fact, Soutine could never detach himself from the memories of the hardship suffered during his younger days. A kind of feverish passion drove him to produce distorted and violently coloured paintings and on reaching fame he said that if he had failed in his attempt to become a great artist he would probably have given up painting to try his luck as a boxer. Ill-tempered and unsociable, Soutine was kind only with women. Often depressed he was once saved from suicide by his friend Kremegne. After a period during which he was deeply affected by the death of Modigliani in 1920 he however worked intensely and managed to sell one hundred of his works to Dr Barnes, a well known American collector. Investing himself in painting with a rage reminiscent of that exhaled previously by Van Gogh, he went on to produce landscapes, still lifes and portraits that were true masterpieces. Constantly obsessed by forms and colours, often dejected and unsatisfied, Soutine destroyed many paintings during fits of despair. He seldom showed his works, apart during the important exhibition of Independent Art held in 1937 in Paris, where he was at last hailed as a great painter. His glory was however short-lived since a few months after the invasion of France by German troops he had to flee the French capital and live like a fugitive in order to escape arrest by the hands of the Gestapo or the Vichy police. Humiliated and persecuted, he had to move from one place to another and was sometimes forced to seek shelter in forests, sleeping in open-air at night. Suffering from a stomach ulcer and bleeding badly he had to leave a safe hiding place in order to undergo urgent surgery. After a perilous travel during which he was hidden in a hearse he died a few hours after a surgical operation in a Paris hospital on August 8th 1944, two weeks before the French capital was freed by Allied troops. Known as a major Expressionist painter, Soutine, so miserable during his lifetime, became a legend after his death.
*Spat-Oppenheimer, Maryla Naissance - mort : 1882-1943/44 Nationalité : Polish
Painter in Lwow. Spat-Oppenheimer was a victim of the Holocaust during the Second World War.
*Spoliansky, Yehiel Naissance - mort : 1889-1942 Nationalité : Ukrainian
Spoliansky studied painting in Odessa, Saint Petersburg and Munich before settling in Paris, where he exhibited his works in various Salons. Arrested with his mother and brother in 1941, he remained during a year in the detention camp of Compiegne and was transferred to a Nazi extermination camp, where he died in 1942.
*Starkhaus, Manfred Naissance - mort : 1925-1943 Nationalité : Polish
Starkhaus' parents left Poland to try to settle in Germany but racial laws there forced them to go to France. He studied at a college in Auch and started to paint landscapes around this city. In 1939, his mother could not manage to seek refuge in the U.S and Manfred was arrested on February 24th 1943 and jailed in Auch before his transfer to Drancy. He was deported on April 4th 1943 and murdered in a Nazi extermination camp
*Stern, Max Naissance - mort : 1872-1943 Nationalité : German
Stern produced works in a style recalling that of Van Gogh after studying painting from 1888 to 1892 in Dusseldorf and in Munich until 1894. He disappeared during World War Two.
*Strassberg, Norbert Naissance - mort : 1912-1941 Nationalité : Polish
Painter. He disappeared during World War Two.
*Strassberg, Norbert Naissance - mort : 1912-1941? Nationalité : Polish
Painter. Strassberg notably painted a work showing a rabbi saying morning prayers. This artist was probably a victim of the Holocaust during World War Two.
*Suckewer, Rachel Naissance - mort : 1905-1943 Nationalité : Polish
Painter. Suckewer died during World War Two.
*Szalit-Marcus, Rachel Naissance - mort : 1894 or 1896-1942 Nationalité : Polish
Szalit-Marcus spent her youth in Lodz, Poland, and became an active member of the “Bund” movement. She then went to study painting in Munich between 1911 and 1916 and notably befriended Henryk Epstein and Marcel Slodky. After her marriage to Julius Szalit, an actor who soon committed suicide, she went to Berlin and illustrated several Yiddish books, notably by Mendele Mokher Seforim, Martin Buber and Sholem Aleichem. After fleeing from Nazi Germany, she settled in Paris. Arrested in July 1942 while her studio was entirely ransacked, she was deported to Auschwitz a month later and murdered there.
*Szapiro, Marek (Maks) Naissance - mort : 1884-1942? Nationalité : Polish
Born in Lodz, Szapiro studied painting at the Academy in Cracow between 1918 and 1919. He exhibited his works in Lodz in 1921, notably a work titled “A Jew at his window”, and took part in other exhibitions there in 1925 and 1930 as well as in Warsaw. This artist died in the ghetto of Lodz during World War Two.
*Szczepan, Szulc Wladyslaw Naissance - mort : 1890-1941 Nationalité : Polish
Painter. Szczepan disappeared during World War Two.
*Szechter, David Naissance - mort : ?-1940-1945 Nationalité : Polish
Szechter produced relief works on metal. He exhibited his works with the Jewish artists of the ZTKSP group in 1931 in Poland. Szechter disappeared during World War Two.
*Szekstajn, Gela Naissance - mort : 1907-1942 Nationalité : Polish
Painter. Szekstajn disappeared during World War Two.
*Szenbrun, Rega Naissance - mort : ?-1942 Nationalité : Polish
This painter of nudes exhibited her works in Warsaw in 1930 and 1935 and in Lodz in 1932. Szenbrun died in the Lodz Ghetto during the Second World War.
*Szenes, Andras called Dugo Naissance - mort : 1896-? Nationalité : Hungarian
Szenes worked as an Expressionist painter producing portraits and illustrations. He exhibited his works in Paris, Budapest, Berlin and Munich and produced caricatures under the name of Dugo for several periodicals such as “Simplicissimus”, “Jugen “and “Le Rire”.
*Szerer, Henryk (Hersz) Naissance - mort : 1907-1941 Nationalité : Polish
Szerer studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw from which he was expelled as a result of his Communist activities. He exhibited with the Jewish artists from the ZTKSP group in 1918 and produced watercolors mainly. Szerer died during World War Two.
*Szerman, Szymon Naissance - mort : 1917-1943 Nationalité : Polish
Szerman worked as a painter in Lodz until his arrest by the Nazis. Detained in the Lodz Ghetto he produced several watercolor and gouache works depicting life there. He reportedly died in that ghetto in 1943.